Cane Corso

Intelligent, active, balanced, a gentle giant; Unequaled guard and defense dog for the whole family.

Of course the Cane Corso is not a great lover of mawkisness, especially if therìy are superficial and inconsistent. He loves the manifestations of affection of the masters when they spring from the depths, when they feed on a rooted, ancient and mutual solidarity, when they manifest themselves in moderation, without exaggerating, with daily and natural constancy. As he is moderate in offering the signs of joy, so he turns out to be a park in receiving it. In this general equilibrium of communicative and affective relationships, however, there is some difference in individual subjects; Above all it is necessary to distinguish between the male, generally the most ferocious and fiery, and the female, sweeter and more calm.
In fact, the female is recommended to those who intend to possess a Cane Corso for the first time, as she has an extraordinary maternal, innate and tenacious sense that she transfers to the family’s people and things.

Standard, FCI-Classification
Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossian and Swiss Mountain- and Cattledogs.
Section 2.1: Molossoide breeds, Mastiff type. With working trial.

The molosside medium-large size has athletic muscle and a solid, compact appearance, with no heavy weight. The characteristics of psychic balance, the absolute devotion to the master and the versatilita to adapt to the most varied uses are the reason for the success of the breed.

General appearance: Medium to large sized. Robust and sturdy dog, nevertheless with some elegance. Lean and powerful muscles.

Important proportionsThe dog is rectangular in outline and is slightly longer than tall. (The length of the dog is 11% greater than the height of the dog). The length of the head reaches 36 % of the height at the withers.

Behaviour/Temperament: The Cane Corso is an animal from the vivid intelligence, docile, very easy to train; He is devoted to his master and is particularly sensitive to the mood of the latter; Many wonder if the Cane Corso can be the right dog for a family with small children; The answer of the breeders is a resolute yes; His size, certainly impressive, at first can deceive, but the Cane Corso is considered a gentle “giant”; He is very fond of children and he loves to play with them and he loves to be pampered by him.
If he is trained for special tasks (eg personal defense, wild boar, guard, etc.), however, reveals a certain amount of courage and power.
He becomes as necessary a terrible and brave defender of the people, the house and the court.
It should be borne in mind that the Cane Corso may prove to be hostile to other dogs, especially those of large size and the same sex.
The Cane Corso is not suitable for people who are inactive because they love the movement very much; It is very important therefore to give it a chance to walk long and regularly.
The Cane Corso is one of the dogs that, unfortunately, is still used today in dog fighting, barbaric and illegal practice that our criminal code punishes severely (one to three and years imprisonment and fines from 50,000 to 160,000 euros).

Head: Large and typically molossoid. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly convergent, without evident wrinkles.


CRANIAL REGION

Skull: Broad at the zygomatic arches the width is equal to the length. Convex in front, it becomes flat behind the forehead as far as the occiput. The medio-frontal furrow is visible, beginning at the stop and ending at about the middle of the skull.

Stop: Well defined, with prominent frontal sinuses.


FACIAL REGION

Nose: Black. A grey mask may have a nose colour of the same nuance. Large nose with ample open nostrils. Nose placed on the same line as the nasal bridge.

Muzzle: Strong, square, noticeably shorter than the skull, ratio muzzle : skull approximately 1 : 2. The front part of the muzzle is flat; the lateral surfaces are parallel; the muzzle is as broad as it is long. Seen from the side it is deep. The profile of the nasal bridge is straight.

Lips: The upper lips; seen from the front, form an inverted ”U” at their meeting point; seen from the side hangs moderately. They cover the lower jaw and determine the profile of the lower part of the muzzle.

Jaws/Teeth: Jaws are very large thick and curved. Slightly undershot but no more than 5 mm. Level bite tolerable but not sought after.

Cheeks: The masseter region is fully evident, but not bulging.

Eyes: Medium-sized, slightly protruding, but never exaggerated. Close to ovoid in shape, set well apart in an almost sub-frontal position. Eyelids close fitting. The colour of the iris is as dark as possible but according to the coat colour. Expression is keen and attentive.

Ears: Triangular, drooping, of medium size. With a wide set-on that is much above the zygomatic arches. Ears are un-cropped.


NECK

Strong, muscular, as long as the head.


BODY

The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers. Sturdy built but not square.

Withers: Pronounced, rising above the level of the croup.

Back: Straight, very muscular and firm.

Loin: Short and strong.

Croup: Long and wide, slightly inclined.

Chest: Well developed all through reaches to the elbow.

Tail: Natural. Set on fairly high; very broad at the root. In action carried high, but never erect or curled.


LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulder: Long, oblique, very muscular.

Upper arm: Strong.

Forearm: Straight, very strong.

Carpus (Wrist): Elastic.

Metacarpus (Pastern): Elastic and just slightly sloping

Forefeet: Cat feet.

HINDQUARTERS:

Thigh: Long, broad, back line of thigh convex

Lower thigh: Strong, not fleshy.

Stifle (Knee): Solid, moderately angulated.

Hock joint: Moderately angulated.

Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Thick and dry.

Hind feet: Slightly less compact than the forefeet.


GAIT/MOVEMENT

Long stride, extended trot; the preferred gait is the trot.


SKIN

Fairly thick, rather close fitting.


COAT

Hair: Short, shiny, very dense with a slight undercoat of vitreous texture.

Colour: Black, lead-grey, slate-grey, light grey, light fawn; dark fawn and stag red; dark wheat colour (stripes on different shades of fawn or grey); in fawn coloured and brindle dogs the black or grey mask on the muzzle should not go beyond the line of the eyes. A small white patch on the chest, on the tip of the toes and on the bridge of the nose is acceptable.


SIZE AND WEIGHT

Height at the withers: Males: 64 cm – 68 cm. Females: 60 cm – 64 cm. With a tolerance of 2 cm, more or less taller.

Weight: Males: 45 – 50 kg. Females: 40 – 45 kg. Weight according to the size of dog.


FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.


SEVERE FAULTS

  • Axes of muzzle and skull parallel or very marked converging; lateral surfaces of the muzzle converging.
  • Partial depigmentation of the nose.
  • Scissor bite; undershot bite more than 5 mm.
  • Ringed tail, tail in vertical position.
  • Permanent amble when trotting.
  • Over-or under size.
  • Presence of dewclaws.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Axes of muzzle and skull diverging.
  • Total depigmentation of the nose.
  • Bridge of nose concave or convex (Roman nose).
  • Overshot mouth.
  • Partial or complete palpebral depigmentation. Wall eye (blue flecked); strabism (squinted).
  • Tailless, too short tail.
  • Semi-long, smooth or fringed hair.
  • All colours not indicated in the standard; large white patches.

N.B.:

  •  Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.